Mombasa (/məmˈbɑːsə/; Kenyan English: [mɔmˈbɑːsə]) is a city on the coast of Kenya. It is the nation's second-largest city, after the capital Nairobi, with an estimated population of 1.2 million people in 2014. Administratively, Mombasa is the capital of Mombasa County, whose current governor is Hassan Ali Joho.
A regional cultural and economic hub, Mombasa has an extra-large port and an international airport, and is an important regional tourism centre. Located on the east coast of Kenya, in Mombasa County and the former Coast Province, Mombasa's situation on the Indian Ocean made it a historical trading centre, and it has been controlled by many countries because of its strategic location.
The city had a population of 939,370 per the 2009 census. It is located on Mombasa Island and sprawls to the surrounding mainlands. The island is separated from the mainland by two creeks: Tudor Creek and Kilindini Harbour. It is connected to the mainland to the north by the Nyali Bridge, to the south by the Likoni Ferry, and to the west by the Makupa Causeway, alongside which runs the Kenya-Uganda Railway. The port serves both Kenya and countries of the interior, linking them to the ocean. The city is served by Moi International Airport located in the northwest mainland suburb of Chaani.
1428 Mombasa, provisional designation 1937 NO, is a large asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, about 57 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered by English-born South African astronomer Cyril Jackson at Union Observatory, Johannesburg on 5 July 1937.
The X-type asteroid orbits the Sun at a distance of 2.4–3.2 AU once every 4 years and 9 months (1,724 days). Its orbit shows an eccentricity of 0.14 and is tilted by 17 degrees to the plane of the ecliptic. It has a rotation period of about 17 hours and a very low albedo of between 0.01 and 0.04, according to the surveys carried out by IRAS, Akari, WISE and NEOWISE.
The minor planet was named after Mombasa, chief-port on the coast of Kenya and its second largest city.
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